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Assignment 1 BBI 3212 ENGLISH SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY NAME: _____________________________________ MATRIC NO: ____________...

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Assignment 1 BBI 3212 ENGLISH SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY NAME: _____________________________________

MATRIC NO: ____________________

1. State the number of morphemes in each of the following words. State whether each word is a simple or complex word. Word i ii iii iv v vi vii

No. of morphemes

terror greatest oxen cupboard heavenly forest alligator

Simple or complex (circle your answer) Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex

2. Divide the following words into their component morphemes, and state whether each morpheme is free or bound. Word e.g. teacher i

demigod

ii

recycling

iii

humorous

iv

reject

v

clarify

vi

senseless

Free or bound teach/ er

teach - free, er - bound

vii refreshment

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3. For each word, indicate whether the underlined bit is an affix, base or root. (You may select more than one option) i.

4.

5.

reformist

affix

root

base

ii. reformist

affix

root

base

iii. cracked

affix

root

base

iv. mismanaged

affix

root

base

v. mismanaged

affix

root

base

State the word-formation processes involved in the creation of the following words. i.

fanatic

fan

________________

ii.

formula translation

iii.

common business oriented language

iv.

narcotics agent

v.

tuberculosis

TB

________________

vi.

nose + bleed

nosebleed

________________

vii.

as soon as possible

ASAP

________________

viii.

Earl of Sandwich

sandwich

________________

x.

camera + video recorder

Fortran

________________ COBOL

narc

________________ ________________

camcorder

________________

State whether the underlined words are compounds. i.

Nosebleeds are very common among children

ii.

The new market is located near the community building.________________

iii.

Henry bought a camcorder last week.

________________

iv.

He works as a real estate agent.

________________

v.

The hypermarket just opened for business.

________________

2

________________

6.

7. E.g.

For each of the following, state the morphological process that can account for the change in the form of the word given. i.

clean  cleans

________________

ii.

seek  sought

________________

iii.

beg  begged

________________

iv.

Mary  Mary’s (as in Mary’s friend)

________________

v.

drive  drove

________________

vi.

they are  they’re

________________

vii.

enthusiasm  enthuse

________________

viii.

reform  pro-reform

________________

ix.

market + place  marketplace

________________

x.

dream (V)  dreams (V)

________________

xi.

dream [noun, sing.]  dreams [noun, plu.]

________________

xii.

go  went

________________

xiii.

sing  sang

________________

xiv.

drink (V)  drink (N)

________________

xv.

pull  pulley

________________

xvi.

(My) finger  (to) finger (the suspect)

________________

xvii.

chuckle + snort = chortle

________________

Name the inflectional morphemes underscored. The girl cried

=

past tense morpheme

i.

the boxes

________________

ii.

He listened intently.

________________

iii.

the prettier one

________________

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8.

Represent the structure of the following words using tree diagrams and labeled bracketing. Where an affix is used, state whether the affixation is derivational or inflectional. i.

E.g.

oxen N

[[ox]N en]N

N

Af (inflectional affix)

ox

en

ii.

ranger

________________

iii.

(She was) worried (about the exam)

________________

iv.

facebooker

________________

v.

additionally

________________

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