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Assignment 1 BBI 3212 ENGLISH SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY NAME: _____________________________________ MATRIC NO: ____________...

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Assignment 1 BBI 3212 ENGLISH SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY NAME: _____________________________________

MATRIC NO: ____________________

CENTRE: _____________________________________________________________________ ASSIGNMENT 1 (10%) 1. State the number of morphemes in each of the following words. State whether each word is a simple or complex word. Word

No. of morphemes

owlet tallest oxen whitewater does betray unfortunately

Simple/ complex (circle) Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex Simple/ complex

2. Divide the following words into their component morphemes, and state whether each morpheme is a root or affix. Word e.g. teacher

teach/ er

teach - root,

demigod recycling greedy darkness clarify sensible ability

1

er - affix

3.

Represent the structure of the following words using tree diagrams and labeled bracketing. Where an affix is used, state whether the affixation is derivational or inflectional. i.

E.g.

burgled V

V

burgle

[[burgle]V d]V

Af (inflectional affix)

d

ii.

storage

________________

iii.

foldable

________________

iv.

runaway train

________________

v.

millions

________________

vi.

brotherly

________________

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4.

State the word-formation processes involved in the creation of the following words. (from Parker & Riley 2005)

5.

i.

fanatic

fan

________________

ii.

formula translation

iii.

common business oriented language

iv.

narcotics agent

v.

tuberculosis

TB

________________

vi.

nose + bleed

nosebleed

________________

vii.

as soon as possible

ASAP

________________

viii.

Earl of Sandwich

sandwich

________________

x.

camera + video recorder

Fortran

________________ COBOL

narc

________________ ________________

camcorder

________________

State whether the following words are compounds. i.

The tomatoes are planted in greenhouses.

________________

ii.

We could see some very big houses along the way.

________________

iii.

The All Blacks were a formidable team.

________________

iv.

Their faces were all black and dirty with mud.

________________

v.

Football is my favourite game.

________________

vi.

The main ingredient of the dish is sea weed.

________________

vii.

The girl caught a ladybird.

________________

viii.

The hockey sticks were kept in the school’s store.

________________

ix.

Honey roasted almonds are sold in the hypermarket.

________________

x.

I’ll see you right after noon.

________________

xi.

I’ll see you in the afternoon.

________________

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6.

For each of the following, state the morphological process that can account for the change in the form of the word given.

E.g. .

clean  cleans

inflection________

ii.

seek  sought

________________

iii.

beg  begged

________________

iv.

Mary  Mary’s (Mary is)

________________

v.

drive  drove

________________

vi.

they are  they’re

________________

vii.

enthusiasm  enthuse

________________

viii.

box  boxes

________________

ix.

front  upfront

________________

x.

reform  pro-reform

________________

xi.

reform  reformist

________________

xii.

reformist  reformists

________________

xiii.

market + place  marketplace

________________

xiv.

happy  unhappiest

________________

xv.

think  thinking

________________

xvi.

sheep [sing]  sheep [plu]

________________

xvii.

olive + branch  olive branch

________________

xviii.

go  went

________________

xix.

sing  sang

________________

xx.

drink (V)  drink (N)

________________

xxi.

read (pres)  read (past)

________________

xxii.

love (V)  loving (A) or (V)

________________

xxiii.

also known as  aka

________________

xxiv.

chuckle + snort  chortle

________________ 4

7. E.g.

Name the inflectional morphemes underscored. The girl cried

=

past tense morpheme

i.

The boxes

________________

ii.

He grieved

________________

iii.

The prettier one

________________

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