Section 6

SECTION 6.2 PROCESS OF MEIOSIS Study Guide During meiosis, diploid cells undergo two cell divisions that result in h...

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SECTION

6.2

PROCESS OF MEIOSIS

Study Guide

During meiosis, diploid cells undergo two cell divisions that result in haploid cells.

MAIN IDEA:

VOCABULARY gametogenesis sperm

CHAPTER 6 Meiosis and Mendel

KEY CONCEPT

egg polar body

Cells go through two rounds of division in meiosis.

1. After a chromosome is replicated, each half is called a

.

2. Two chromosomes that are very similar and carry the same genes are called

. In the space below, sketch the phases of meiosis I and II and write the name of each phase below it. Use Figure 6.5 to help you.

Meiosis I

Copyright © McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin Company.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Meiosis II

7.

8.

9.

10.

11. During which phase do homologous chromosomes separate?

12. During which phase do sister chromatids separate?

Unit 3 Resource Book McDougal Littell Biology

Study Guide

5

CHAPTER 6 Meiosis and Mendel

STUDY GUIDE, CONTINUED

MAIN IDEA:

Haploid cells develop into mature gametes.

13. What does a sperm cell contribute to an embryo?

14. What does an egg contribute to an embryo?

15. Where are polar bodies made, in the male or in the female?

Complete the diagram of gametogenesis in the boxes below. Use Figure 6.6 to help you.

Egg Formation

Vocabulary Check 16. Genesis comes from a Greek word that means “to be born.” How does this relate to

the meaning of gametogenesis?

17. What is a polar body?

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Study Guide

Unit 3 Resource Book McDougal Littell Biology

Copyright © McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin Company.

Sperm Formation