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Mass Incarceration Mass Incarceration Glenn C. Loury Brown University Brown University March 2010 Presentation based on ...

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Mass Incarceration Mass Incarceration Glenn C. Loury Brown University Brown University March 2010 Presentation based on data provided by  Bruce Western of Harvard University

Mass Imprisonment

David Garland (2001, 1) defines mass imprisonment: . . . a rate of imprisonment. . . that is markedly above the historical and comparative norm for societies of this type. . . [imprisonment] ceases to be the incarceration of individual offenders and becomes the systematic imprisonment of whole groups of the population.

Mass Imprisonment

David Garland (2001, 1) defines mass imprisonment: . . . a rate of imprisonment. . . that is markedly above the historical and comparative norm for societies of this type. . . [imprisonment] ceases to be the incarceration of individual offenders and becomes the systematic imprisonment of whole groups of the population.

Incarceration in Western Europe, 2001

UK

126

Germany

96

N'lands

95

Italy

95

Austria

85

Belgium

85

France

77

Sweden

68

Denmark

59

0

200

400 Incarceration Rate (per 100,000)

600

Incarceration in Western Europe and the US, 2001

USA

686

UK

126

Germany

96

N'lands

95

Italy

95

Austria

85

Belgium

85

France

77

Sweden

68

Denmark

59

0

200

400 Incarceration Rate (per 100,000)

600

300 200 100

Prisoners per 100,000

400

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−1972

● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ●● ●● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ●● ●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−2006 ● ● ● ● ●● ● ●● ● ●

● ● ●

300

● ● ● ● ●

200

● ● ● ● ● ●

100

Prisoners per 100,000

400



● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ● ● ●● ● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ● ●● ●●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−2006 ● ● ● ● ●● ● ●●

In 2007:



* 1.5m in prison



● ● ●

300

● ● ● ● ●

200

● ● ● ● ● ●

100

Prisoners per 100,000

400



● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ● ● ●● ● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ● ●● ●●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−2006 ● ● ● ● ●● ● ●●

In 2007:

● ● ●

* 780,000 in jail

● ● ●

300

● ● ● ● ●

200

● ● ● ● ● ●

100

Prisoners per 100,000

400

* 1.5m in prison

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ● ● ●● ● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ● ●● ●●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−2006 ● ● ● ● ●● ● ●●

In 2007:

● ● ●

* 780,000 in jail

● ●

* 800,000 on parole



300

● ● ● ● ●

200

● ● ● ● ● ●

100

Prisoners per 100,000

400

* 1.5m in prison

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ● ● ●● ● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ● ●● ●●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

500

US Imprisonment Rate, 1925−2006 ● ● ● ● ●● ● ●●

In 2007:

● ● ●

* 780,000 in jail

● ●

* 800,000 on parole 300



* 4.2m on probation

● ● ● ● ●

200

● ● ● ● ● ●

100

Prisoners per 100,000

400

* 1.5m in prison

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●●●●●● ● ●●●● ● ● ●● ● ●● ●● ●●● ●● ● ●● ●●●●●●

● ● ●●●●●● ● ●● ● ●

1940

1960

1980

2000

20000

30000

1980 2008

10000 0

Inmates per 100,000

40000

Incarceration by Race and Education

214 750

All

20000

30000

1980 2008

11950

10000 0

Inmates per 100,000

40000

Incarceration by Race and Education

214 750

All

650

1750

Men 20−34

2350

Men 20−34