2016

Highway Bridge State &&Local Construction Market Funding Update Update Alison Premo Black, PhD Alison Premo PhDEconomist...

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Highway Bridge State &&Local Construction Market Funding Update Update Alison Premo Black, PhD Alison Premo PhDEconomist ARTBA Senior VP, PolicyBlack, & Chief ARTBA Senior VP & Chief Economist ARTBA Board Meeting ARTBA Federal Issues May 10, 2016Program May 9, 2016

© 2016 ARTBA. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of ARTBA.

www.transportationinvestment.org

26 States & DC Have Increased Motor Fuel Related Taxes 43 Times Since 1997 Approved Prior to 2013

Approved 2013-2015 WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID

WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE UT

NV CA

MA

IL

CO KS

CT

OH

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

© 2016 ARTBA. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of ARTBA.

MD DC

States Introduced 179 Transportation Funding Bills in 2015 Legislation introduced WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE CA

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report.

MD

Breakdown of 2015 State Transportation Funding Measures Other 15%

One-time funding 19%

Gas tax increase 23%

Recurring revenue (non-fuel) 21% Variable gas tax rate only 4% Alt fuel, Elec Vehicle Fees 4%

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

Lockbox 14%

Eight States Approved State Motor Fuel Tax Increases in 2015 Approved

Introduced

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID

WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE NV

CT

OH

UT

CA

MA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD DC

Six States Approved or Adjusted Variable-Rate Gas Taxes in 2015 Approved/Adjusted

Introduced

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE NV

CT

OH

UT

CA

MA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD

Eight States Approved Other Recurring Revenues in 2015 Approved

Introduced

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

CA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD DC

Five States Approved Alternative Fuel and Electric Vehicle Taxes/Fees in 2015 Approved

Introduced

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

CA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD

Two States Approved Transportation Lockboxes in 2015 Approved

Introduced

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE CA

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD

Ten states approved one-time funding measures in 2015 Introduced

Approved WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

IL

CA

IN

CO KS

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD

States Introduced 89 Transportation Funding Bills in 2016 YTD Legislation Introduced WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE CA

CT

OH

UT

NV

MA

IL

CO KS

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD

Breakdown of 2016 State Transportation Funding Measures One-time funding 12% Other 32%

Recurring revenue (non-fuel) 15%

Lockbox 8%

Gas tax increase 22%

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

Variable gas tax rate only 2%

Alt fuel, Elec Vehicle Fees 9%

YTD 2016: 13 States Consider Legislation to Raise State Fuel Taxes Proposed

Approved WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID

WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE UT

NV CA

MA

IL

CO KS

CT

OH

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD DC

2015 - Voters Approved $22 Billion in Transportation Investment 79 Transportation Measures On the Ballot “Fuel Tax”: 4 measures, 5% of total ballots

“Other”: 5, 6%

Bonds: 6 measures, 8% of total ballots

General Sales Tax: 25 measures, 32% of total ballots Property or Income Tax: 39 measures, 49% of total ballots

Source: ARTBA Ballot Initiatives, 2015 Election Report

67% of Measures Approved • Bond Measures: 83% approved. • General Sales Tax: 60% approved. • Fuel Tax: 50% approved. • Property or Income Tax: 74% approved.

Transportation Funding Ballot Measures Approved 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40%

74%

69%

30%

73%

80%

63%

77% 61%

85%

79%

68%

67%

72%

20% 10% 0% 2005

Source: ARTBA Election Reports

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015 Average

2016 State & Local Ballot Initiatives – States to Watch Local Only

Statewide WA

* And Local Measure(s)

MT

NH ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID

WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE UT

NV* CA

MA

IL

CO KS

CT

OH

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: TIAC™ State Funding Initiatives Report

MD DC

Analysis Shows Gas Tax Supporters Not Hurt at the Ballot

95% of all Republican legislators and 88% of all Democratic legislators who voted in favor of a state gas tax increase in 2013 and 2014 and ran for reelection were re-elected. Of the legislators who voted against a gas tax increase, 94% of Republicans and 86% of Democrats were reelected.

Source: ARTBA

Political Party of Legislature and Governor where State Gas Tax Increases were passed since 1997 Democrat Leg & Gov

Republican Leg & Gov

Different Parties

WA

NH MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT

ID

WI

SD

NY MI

WY

PA

IA

NE UT

NV CA

MA

IL

CO KS

CT

OH

IN

RI

WV

MO

VA

KY

DE NJ

NC AZ

OK

NM

TN AR

SC MS

AL

GA

TX LA

AK

FL HI

Source: ARTBA

MD DC

Other TIAC Resources

Campaign resources, including...  Campaign Management Firms  Opinion Research/Polling Firms  Sample Advertising & Media

 Sample Polling  TranspoAdvocates News

TIAC has created 52 case studies on successful and unsuccessful legislation and state, county and local ballot measures. Successful legislation or state ballot measure

Unsuccessful legislation or state ballot measure

Local ballot measure

* Motor fuel tax increase

WA *

NH * MT

ME

ND MN

OR

VT *

ID *

WI

SD *

NY MI *

WY *

MA * PA *

IA *

NE *

CT

OH NV

UT *

IL

CA

IN

RI WV

CO KS

VA *

MO

KY

DE NJ

NC TN OK

AZ

NM

AR

SC MS

AL

DC

GA *

TX LA

AK

FL HI

MD *

Webinars Upcoming Webinars: Transportation Funding Campaigns in an Election Year | August 2016 Advocates will explore strategies and the challenges of running a transportation funding campaign while state leaders are facing reelection.

Past Webinar Recordings are Available on the TIAC Website! The Governor’s Role in Transportation Funding Thinking Outside the Gas Tax Building Transportation Investment Coalitions Beating Gas Tax Rhetoric from the Right

www.transportationinvestment.org/webinars

3rd Annual “National Workshop for State & Local Transportation Advocates”

The annual Workshop brings together transportation investment champions from around the country to share best practices, playbook secrets and other keys to success in advancing state and local legislative and ballot initiatives that boost transportation infrastructure investment. www.transportationinvestment.org/state-funding-advocacy-workshop/workshops

Transportation Investment Advocates Council

A national network of business professionals and public officials who share a common interest in building support for transportation infrastructure investments in their state or local community—roads, bridges, public transit, pedestrian walkways and cycling paths, airports, waterways, ports and rail facilities. To join for free, contact: Carolyn Kramer Manager, Transportation Investment Advocacy Center [email protected] 202-289-4434

Alison Premo Black Senior Vice President, Policy & Chief Economist American Road & Transportation Builders Association [email protected] @APremoBlack 202-289-4434